Reuben Garret Lucius Goldberg lived from July 4, 1883 to December 7, 1970 and he was and North American cartoonist, sculptor, inventor, engineer and author. His father led him to study engineering at the University of California at Berkeley. According tobiography.com he graduated in 1904 and he started working as sewer system designer, but he left after only 4 months to become a sportswriter and cartoonist for the San Francisco Chronicle (until 1905), for San Francisco Bulletin (from 1905 to 1907) and New York Evening Mail (1907-1921) where he created 3 long running comic strips.
Rube Goldberg is best known for a series of popular cartoons depicting complex gadgets, they perform simple tasks in convoluted, indirect ways. These device are known as Rube Goldberg machines. He was a founding member and the first president of National Cartoonist Society in US, he is also the namesake of the Reuben Award. The international competitions called Rube Goldberg Machine Contests challenge the participants to make complex machines to perform simple tasks.
In 1938 Rube Goldberg started working at editorial cartooning, working for The New York Sun, The New York Journal and The Journal American. The won the Pulitzer price in 1948 for the best editorial cartoon called Peace Today, a warning against atomic weapons. He retired from drawing cartoons in 1964.